Food safety standards are crucial for protecting public health and preventing foodborne illnesses. These standards are enforced by regulatory agencies, like local health jurisdictions to ensure that food products are safe for consumption. In Washington, the Department of Health, State Board of Health, and Department of Agriculture set specific regulations that govern the production and sale of food, including requirements for food labeling, packaging, and storage.

The first concern is food safety. Home kitchens are not subject to the same level of scrutiny as commercial kitchens, which are required to follow strict food safety protocols. These protocols include regular inspections, proper hygiene practices, and storage and handling procedures that reduce the risk of contamination. While some home cooks may have experience in food handling, most do not have the same level of training and experience as professional chefs or kitchen staff.

Another concern is the risk of foodborne illness. Foodborne illnesses can be caused by a wide range of factors, including improper storage, cooking, and handling of food. These illnesses can be very serious, and in some cases, they can even be fatal. Permitting home kitchens increases the risk of foodborne illness, as there is no way to ensure that the food being produced is safe for consumption. Food producers are also required to provide clear labeling and packaging information, which helps consumers make informed choices about the food they purchase. This information includes nutritional information, ingredient lists, and potential allergens.

Home cooks may not have the resources or knowledge to provide this information, which can put consumers at risk for serious injury as well as illness.

In addition to these concerns, there are also economic considerations to weigh. Permitting home kitchens may lead to unfair competition with commercial food producers, who have invested significant resources in meeting food safety and labeling standards. This can make it difficult for small businesses to compete and can ultimately harm the local economy.

Despite these concerns, there are some potential benefits to permitting home kitchens. A small-scale production operation can be a vital source of income for individuals who are unable to work outside the home, are looking for low-cost entry points into the food industry, or who may live in areas with limited job opportunities. In Washington State, the cottage food industry is already putting into practice small-scale food production operations. HB 1706 would provide another mechanism and opportunity for home kitchens to be used for food operations that are outside of the cottage food program. A substitute bill set for executive session Friday in Local Government would establish a pilot program to assess the possible authorization of a home-kitchens program.

This measured approach is important to ensure that if a program is established, it can be maintained and successful for the long haul.

If home kitchens are to be permitted, there must be clear standards used to ensure food safety and prevent the spread of foodborne illness for foods that are at higher risk for foodborne disease. These regulations should include mandatory training and certification for home cooks, regular inspections, and clear labeling and packaging requirements. Local governments want businesses to be successful – it is better for our communities, consumers, and business owners when they have safe and thriving food operations. By taking these steps, it may be possible to strike a balance between promoting economic opportunity and protecting public health.

Policy Contact:
Jaime Bodden
WSALPHO, Policy Director